Abdominal wall hernias are common and involve the protrusion of the abdominal contents through a defect in the abdominal wall. These hernias are often located around the navel or in the midline above the navel. The hernia may also occur at the site of a previous operation, this is known as an incisional hernia. There are many different ways to repair these hernias, this includes a laparoscopic (keyhole) approach, open approach or a combination of the two. Surgical mesh is often used to reinforce the hernia and reduce the risk of recurrence. Your surgeon will discuss with you the advantages and potential drawbacks of the various forms of hernia repairs and suggest an approach that is best for your individual situation.